Sozopol – a crossroad of various nations and cultures
Sozopol is situated at the southern end of Bourgas Bay, 34 km from Bourgas -the fourth largest Bulgarian city with an international airport. The transfer from the airport takes less than 30 minutes.
Sozopol is regarded as the oldest and the most artistic town on the Black Sea Southern Coast because of its atmosphere and lifestyle. The town is divided into two parts called the New and the Old Town. The latter is picturesquely situated on a rocky peninsular.
Ancient Sozopol was founded in 610 B.C. as a Greek colony of the polis of Millets. A number of ancient monuments dating from that period, which can be seen in the town’s archaeological museum, have been preserved to present day – ceramic amphorae, ancient anchors, coins.
The excavated ancient remains and those of the mediaeval Christian period in the central part of the Old Town are remarkable and worth visiting. This archaeological complex contains exhibits from several historical periods, the oldest of which date back to the time of the first inhabitants. The architectural wealth of Old Sozopol is the 46 traditional houses from the period of the Bulgarian Revival and the Christian chapels half-built in the ground.
In the vicinity of he town there are a few nature reserves and conservation areas. On the island of Saint Ivan tourists can see the ruins of St. joan Precursor Monastery built 6 centuries ago. In the sea off this island there is a unique underwater natural phenomenon known as the stone forest. No further than 10 km to the south of Sozopol are the nature reserves of Water Lilies and the Ropotamo River. The conservation area of Kolokita is between Rayski Zaliv and the Kavatsite Campsite. It features a fascinating combination of picturesque scenery, cliffs, fiords and marine aquavatoria.
Sozopol has two passenger ports. Thanks to its southern location, the sunshine days here last from the beginning of May to October. Apart from the two large beaches – Southern and Northern, the fans of water sports, windsurfing and scuba diving can find excellent conditions for sport in the attractive secluded little beaches to the south.
Sozopol is a popular tourist destination, famous with the artistic community of Bulgaria, as well as the numerous foreign tourists who visit it. Every year at the beginning of September, the town hosts the Apolonia Arts Festival, which is undoubtedly the greatest event in the field of cultural tourism.